Various Types Of Options Strategy

Various types of options strategy

Various types of options strategy

An option strategy refers to purchasing and/or selling a combination of options and the underlying assets in order to achieve a desired payoff. Option strategies can be created to favor different market conditions such as, bullish, bearish or neutral.

The options positions consist of long/short put/call option contracts.

Depending on the need and market forecast, different strategies can be implemented.

Various types of options strategy

Bullish strategies are implemented when the market outlook is bullish. Similarly bearish/neutral strategies are implemented when the market outlook is bearish/neutral.

Types of Options

The most commonly used strategies are listed below:

Covered Strategies

Covered strategies involve taking a position in the option and the underlying.

  • Covered Call: This strategy involved being long the underlying stock and short a call option on the same stock.
  • Covered Put: This involves selling a put option and being short an equivalent amount of the underlying stock.
  • Protective Put: A protective put involves buying an underlying stock and at the same time buying a put option on the same stock.

Spread Strategies

Spread strategies involve taking a position in two or more options of the same type (A spread)

  • Bull Spread: Bull spread strategy can be created with both call and put options.

    A bull call spread involves buying a call option with a low exercise price, and selling another call option with a higher exercise price.

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    Both calls will have the same underlying security and expiration month.

  • Bear Spread: A bear call spread involves buying call options of a certain strike price and selling the same number of call options of lower strike price (in the money).

    Both calls will have the same underlying security and expiration month.

  • Butterfly Spread: A butterfly spread is created by using 4 option positions. A long butterfly spread is implemented as follows:
    1. Long 1 call a high strike price
    2. Short 2 calls at an intermediate strike price
    3. Long 1 call at a low strike price

The strikes are equidistant.

  • Calendar Spread: A calendar spread involves simultaneous purchase of a call option expiring in a particular month and the sale of the identical option expiring in another month.

Combination Strategies

Take a position in a mixture of calls & puts (A combination)

  • Straddle: A long straddle involves buying one call and one put option at the same strike.

    Top 3 Options Trading Strategies for Beginners

    Similarly a short straddle involves selling one call and one put option at the same strike.

  • Strip and Strap: A strip involves combining one long call with two long puts. A strap involves combining two long calls with one long put.
  • Strangle: A long strangle involves buying one call option and buying one put option at a lower strike. Similarly a short strangle involves selling one call option and one put option at a lower strike.

Option Strategies Spreadsheet

Download the Option Trading Strategies Spreadsheet – This spreadsheet helps you create any option strategy and view its profit and loss, and payoff diagram.

Various types of options strategy